Abstract: In this proposed research project, we seek to develop an advanced brain SPECT system that offers a unique hyperspectral imaging capability substantiated by an excellent energy resolution (e.g.,
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) BRAIN Initiative funds a wide-variety of research: toolmakers, trainees, individual labs testing new hypotheses, and large, team-based efforts aiming to catalyze neuroscience inquiry forward. Explore NIH BRAIN Initiative funded awards listed below. Click on the project title to learn more about it within NIH RePORTER.
To see more NIH-funded awards and associated publications, please visit the NIH RePORTER.
PROJECT SUMMARY: Long-term neural recording using implantable devices has provided important discoveries that have shaped our understanding of how the neural circuitry of the brain works and, more recently, has been used experimentally to treat such disorders as paralysis that provide hope for ma
Electroencephalography (EEG) measures the brain’s local field potential from the surface of the scalp. This method is useful for studying cognitive processes, neurological states, and medical conditions.
Project summary The heterogeneity from the vast number of cell types in the brain presents a major challenge in our understanding of how brain works and in our treatment of neurological disorders.
Abstract The goal of this project is to develop a novel bifocal catadioptric objective that will allow large-scale recording of neural circuits in vivo.
Project Summary Categorizing individual neurons into different groups, or cell types, is a classical approach to studying the nervous system.
Abstract Advances in non-invasive monitoring of human brain function under normal and pathological conditions will lead to breakthroughs in our understanding of the brain in health and disease, and lead to the development of devices available for everyday use, with applications such as monitoring
PROJECT SUMMARY / ABSTRACT The BRAIN Initiative’s -omics data archive NeMO contains all the BICCN single cell single cell data, more than one million files at the time of writing.
PROJECT SUMMARY / ABSTRACT Functional MRI (fMRI) is today the predominant tool for noninvasive imaging of brain function, which has revolutionized our understanding of the human brain.
PROJECT SUMMARY Achieving a detailed understanding of the neural codes of sensation, action, and cognition will require technologies that can both sample and perturb neural activity with millisecond precision and cellular resolution across large populations of neurons.
PROJECT SUMMARY/ABSTRACT Multiphoton microscopy of cells labeled with genetically encoded calcium indicators (GECIs) enables detection and correlation of fine neuronal structure to functional activity with cellular resolution.
DBS therapy for Parkinson Disease [PD], the primary, FDA-approved surgical approach, has proven efficacious in clinical trials.
ABSTRACT Perceptually guided behavior involves a complex and dynamic interplay between external inputs and internal states that are related, for example, to alertness, motivation, expectations and attention.
Project Summary Schizophrenia is a debilitating mental illness affecting an estimated 1% of the global population.
Project Summary Learning and performing complex skills such as speech or music requires precise control of motor variability. While elevated motor variability can spur the learning of new behaviors, excessive variability can impair performance of learned skills.
Direct local electrical stimulation (DLES) is an increasingly important therapeutic tool for treating brain disorders such as Parkinson’s, epilepsy, and OCD.
ABSTRACT The generation of scientiﬁcally rich, high resolution neuroimaging volumes continues to increase in extent and rate due to the advancement of new Electron Microscopy (EM) and X-ray Microtomography (XRM) imaging sys- tems and data processing methodologies.
Years of study and theory about the unique role of the hippocampus in storing new memories has led to a general idea that the hippocampus generates a unique output code for every unique experience, that is projected back to the neocortex, where it becomes coupled to attributes of the experience t
Project Summary/Abstract The proposed project will demonstrate the feasibility of generating a complete synapse-level brain map (connectome) by developing a serial-section electron microscopy pipeline that could scale to a whole mouse brain.
Project Summary: Center for whole mouse brain connectomics using high-throughput integrated volumetric electron microscopy (HIVE) Two fundamental components of the structural basis of brain function are cell type composition and the wiring diagram between those cells.