2 A B C D E F G H I K M N O P R S T U X



National Advisory Council


National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences


National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (dissolved 12/2014)


National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health


NIH National Cancer Institute


NIH National Center for Research Resources (dissolved 12/2011)


NIH Enterprise Directory


NIH National Eye Institute

New Investigator

A PD/PI who has not previously competed successfully as a PD/PI for a substantial independent research award is considered a New Investigator.


NIH National Institute on Aging


NIH National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism


NIH National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


NIH National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases


NIH National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering


National Institute of Child Health and Human Development


NIH National Institute on Drug Abuse


NIH National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders


NIH National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research


NIH National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


NIH National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences


NIH National Institute of General Medical Sciences


National Institutes of Health - A Federal agency whose mission is to improve the health of the people of the United States. NIH is a part of the Public Health Service, which is part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts

The official publication for NIH's medical and behavioral research grants policies, guidelines and funding opportunities.

NIH-Defined Phase III Clinical Trial

An NIH-defined Phase III clinical trial is a broadly based prospective Phase III clinical investigation, usually involving several hundred or more human subjects, for the purpose of evaluating an experimental intervention in comparison with a standard or controlled intervention or comparing two or more existing treatments. Often the aim of such investigation is to provide evidence leading to a scientific basis for consideration of a change in health policy or standard of care. The definition includes pharmacologic, non-pharmacologic, and behavioral interventions given for disease prevention, prophylaxis, diagnosis, or therapy. Community trials and other population-based intervention trials are also included.


National Institutes of Health, Office of the Director


NIH National Institute of Mental Health

No-Cost Extension

An extension of time to a project period and/or budget period to complete the work of the grant under that period, without additional Federal funds or competition. See NIH Standard Terms of Award and Prior Approval Requirements.

Non-Competing Continuation Application/Award

A financial assistance request (in the form of an application or progress report) or resulting award for a subsequent budget period within a previously approved project period for which a recipient does not have to compete with other applicants.

Non-competing Continuation Awards

A financial assistance request (in the form of an application or progress report) or resulting award for a subsequent budget period within a previously approved project period for which a recipient does not have to compete with other applicants.

Non-Federal Entity

A state, local government, Indian tribe, institution of higher education (IHE), or nonprofit organization that carries out a Federal award as a recipient or subrecipient.


Notices posted in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts that succinctly highlight a specific topic of interest, for example a specific area of research or program. These notices direct applicants to one or more active funding opportunity announcements (often parent announcements) for submission of applications for the initiative described. Many program announcements will be issued as Notices of Special Interest going forward.

Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO)

A publicly available document by which a Federal Agency makes known its intentions to award discretionary grants or cooperative agreements, usually as a result of competition for funds. Notices of funding opportunity may be known as funding opportunity announcements, program announcements, requests for applications, notices of funding availability, solicitations, or other names depending on the Agency and type of program. Notices of funding opportunity can be found at and in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts.


An application may be designated Not Recommended for Further Consideration (NRFC) by the Scientific Review Group if it lacks significant and substantial merit; presents serious ethical problems in the protection of human subjects from research risks; or presents serious ethical problems in the use of vertebrate animals, biohazards, and/or select agents. Applications designated as NRFC do not proceed to the second level of peer review (National Advisory Council/Board) because they cannot be funded.


National Research Service Award - Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award (NRSA)